Title: Bicycle Wheel
Date: 1913, 1916-17, 1951
Movement: Kinetic Art
Location: The Israel Museum, Jerusalem, Israel
The Bicycle Wheel, a readymade from Duchamp, consisted of a bicycle fork with a front wheel mounted upside-down on a stool. Known as the first of his readymades it is said to be the first kinetic sculpture. The original 1913 and the 1916-17 versions are now lost and Duchamp recreated the sculpture in 1951.
Artist: Marcel Duchamp
Date of Birth: 28 July 1887, Normandy, France
Died: 2 October 1968, Neuilly-sur-Seine, France
By challenging the notion of what is art with his readymades, Duchamp is one of few artists that changed the course of art history. He sent shock waves across the art world that are still rippling today. Duchamp’s insistence art should be idea driven has led to him being considered to be a father of Conceptual art.