Painted iron pipe, steel wire, motor, and wood with string
Museum of Modern Art, New York, USA
It is from Calder’s desire in the 1930’s to create abstract paintings that travel through space that works such as A Universe, in which two spherical shapes move at different rates during 40-minute cycle, came into being. He compared this and other works to the Solar System and they were an important step towards his non-motorized mobiles and his Constellation series of the 1940s.
Born: 22 July 1898, Pennsylvania, USA
Died: 11 November 1976, New York, USA
Calder was a sculptor who redefined sculpture by introducing movement, through performances of his mechanical Calder’s Circus, motorizes works, and his mobiles. He also created static sculptures he called ‘stabiles’ as well as paintings, jewellery, theatre sets and costumes.