19th – 23rd December
As the sun enters the sign of Capricorn some point between 19 – 23 December, it is officially winter. This, the second Sabbat, is known by Winter Solstice, Yule, or Midwinter.
Yule celebrates the rebirth of the sun. From Summer Solstice to Winter Solstice the days get shorter and the nights longer. Winter Solstice is the shortest day of the year. The two dominant themes that represent the relationship of energies of birth and death.
Firstly, the battle between the Holly and Oak Kings. The evergreen Holly can survive harsh winters and represents the season of winter. The Holly King is the King of Winter and Lord of the Underworld. He symbolises death. The leafy deciduous oak tree comes into power during the summer. The Oak King, Lord of the waxing year represents life as the days get longer. The second theme is that of the child-sun, born to the Lady of winter. The sun is reborn at the time of greatest darkness, on the night of Yule.
In love, light, and darkness