Born: 10 October 1813, Le Roncole, Italy
Died: 27 January 1901, Milan, Italy
Verdi was an opera composer; born to a provincial family of moderate means he developed a musical education with help of a local patron. He dominated the Italian opera scene after the era of Vincenzo Bellini, Gioachino, Rossini, and Gaetano Donisetti. In his early works Verdi demonstrated a sympathy for the Risorgimento movement seeking to unify Italy. He was an extremely private person and didn’t seek to integrate himself with populist movements. As he became professionally successful he reduced his musical workload and established himself as a landowner. Verdi surprised the musical world by returning with the opera Aida in 1871, Requiem in 1874, Otello in 1887 and Falstaff in 1893.