View of Toledo
Oil on canvas
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, USA
‘View of Toledo’ portrays the city where El Greco spent most of his life. A dramatic landscape, with vibrant vegetation in the foreground and the gathering of clouds announcing a storm in the background, the city is depicted in grey shades, sitting in the distance at the top of the hills, In an organically clustered accumulation the city buildings take on a cloud-like form.
Born: 1 October 1541, Crete, Greece
Died: 7 April 1614, Toledo, Spain
El Greco was a painter, sculptor and architect of the Spanish Renaissance. El Greco was a nickname giving reference to his Greek origins, but he normally signed his paintings in his birth name, Doménikos Theotokópoulos, in Greek (Δομήνικος Θεοτοκόπουλος). Born in Candia, now known as Crete, which as part of the Republic of Venice, Italy, and the centre of Post-Byzantine art, El Greco trained became a master of that tradition before travelling to Venice at aged 26. He moved to Rome in 1570, where he opened a workshop ad produced a series of work whilst enriching his style and techniques with elements of Mannerism and Venetian Renaissance. He moved to Toledo, Spain in 1577where lived and worked until his death