Created by Gloria MartinStructure: Octet and a sestetMeter: decasyllabic or pentameterSchema: aabbbccc ddedee. Example Black Rose Petals by Jez Farmer As I lay the black roses on your graveI no longer feel I am strong and braveAs winds blows emptiness again todayIt feels like living is so far awayAnd my tears fall where the dark … Continue reading Glorionic Sonnet Notes
Created by Jose Rizal M ReyesStructure: Quatrain, sestet and quatrainMeter: each line is a haikuSchema: aaaa bbbbbb aaaa Example Sakura Memories by Jez Farmer Sweet scented petals descend on the breeze; fragrant farewell,Memories entwine in rivers of tears; love cannot dispelDark clouds obscure the future and the sun in living hell?Temple chimes echo sounds of … Continue reading Japanese Sonnet Notes
Created by Jose Rizal M. ReyesStructure: alternate quintains and coupletsMeter: decasyllabic or pentameterRhyme Scheme: abbba cc deeed ff Example The Rabbit and the Warrior by Jez Farmer As springtide comes amid the ancient stoneA warrior stands alone as he seeksThe old one with whom holy wisdom speaksAs across the skies the setting sun streaksA white … Continue reading Grammarian Sonnet Notes
The Rondelet is a French form that turns on a refrain and has two rhymes. The first, third and seventh lines consist of four syllables and form the refrain. Lines two, fourth, fifth and sixth lines consist of eight syllables. The Rhyme scheme is AbAabbA Example Roasties Crunch by Jez Farmer A Sunday lunchWhile catching … Continue reading Rondelet Notes
The Rondeau can be a challenging form for the poet. Consisting of three stanzas, a quintet, a quatrain, and a sestet, the first phrase of the first line, or the hole first line sets the refrain (R). The meter is eight syllable or ten syllable line, but it is the poet’s choice if that is … Continue reading Rondeau Notes
French Sonnet IStructure: Octave and sestetMeter: Octasyllabic or iambic tetrameterRhyme Schema: abbaabba ccdccd Example On the Way Down by Jez Farmer In darkness whispers kept talking to meAnd whispers echoed around in my mindA growling roar that once was far behindIn the realms of a childhood fantasyThose days before my soul walked strong and freeWhen … Continue reading French Sonnet Notes
Form: Italian Octave 2 The masts chatter casually on the breezeFrom where there have been to where they will goThe trials and tribulations that flowAnd how the ever-changing tides at easeAs the weather-worn hands tack to the windTo follow the stars to a distant landThe white sails on the course he had plannedAns time shines … Continue reading White Sails
Another neglected but beautiful French form the Rondel Prime is a 14-line poem which is formed over two rhymes. The refrain is set up using the first two lines of the first stanza. The meter is open to the poet’s discretion but is usually eight-syllable lines. The Rhyme scheme is ABababAB ababaAB Or for an … Continue reading Rondel Prime Notes
A 16th-century Spanish Quntet form the Quintilla is a quintet of eight-syllable or iambic tetrameter lines. The presentation of the rhyme scheme can vary but only two consecutive lines may have the same rhyme. For example aabba abbaa abaab Weight Watching Poets by Jez Farmer Calories in everythin'All add up to that fat or thinYou … Continue reading Quintilla Notes
Structure: 3 quatrains and a coupletMeter: decasyllabic or pentameterSchema: abab bcbc cdcd dd Example Chica Cherry Cola by Jez Farmer As I lay trying to sleep out the nightI think of your kisses teasing my skinIn the loneliness, I still feel you biteAnd the scratching of your nail like a pinAwake, wide awake, yet I’m … Continue reading Irish Sonnet Notes
Pathya Vat is an interesting SE Asian form that has a short syllable count. Each stanza consists of four lines of four syllables with lines two and three rhyming. There is no stanza limit. Rhyme scheme: xaax xbbx xccx and so on A French influenced variant for multiple stanzas is to rhyme the middle lines … Continue reading Pathya Vat Notes
Created by: Created by Jose Rizal M ReyesStructure: 3 quatrains and a coupletMeter: decasyllabic or pentameterSchema: abab abab abab ab Example Helen Grew Old by Jose Rizal M Reyes These wrinkles on my face I cannot hide.My limbs are getting weaker by the day.My eyes grow dimmer though they never cried.My hair and crowning glory … Continue reading Indonesian Sonnet Notes
My thanks for another awesome prompt from KL Caley. King of SeasForm: Acrostic Kisses of love diedI have lost my lady moonNow my heart weeps the sad tearsGlaring into the darkness of an unlit night Ostracized by the starsFeeling the loneliness in alone Searching the lands, skies and seasEarth Mother whisperedAsk NeptuneSire, return my lady … Continue reading #Writephoto – King of Seas
The Quatern consists of four four-line stanzas. As is common with French forms there is a refrain, but, unusually no rhyme scheme is specified. Typical of French poetry it consists of eight-syllable lines and no meter is specified.The Refrain is the first line of the first stanza, which becomes the second line of the second … Continue reading Quatern Notes
Structure: Octet and 2 sestetsMeter: decasyllabic or pentameterRhyme scheme: abbacddc efefef ghhgii Example Love in Lockdown by Jez Farmer She was on his mind again late last nightAs he poured his whiskey over ice rocksThe echoes of love and its after shocksBut always her in his head by firelightAnd the midnight hour slips quietly byAs … Continue reading Envelope Sonnet Caudated Notes
Created by Craig Tigerman in 1999, the Pleiades is a relatively new form. The Pleiades is a star cluster in the Taurus constellation and when discovered by the Greeks was named the Seven Sisters – Alcyone, Asterope, Celaeno, Electra, Maio, Merope, and Tygeta. The form consists of seven lines, each line starting with the same … Continue reading Pleiades Notes
Using tetrameter or eight-syllable lines , the Redondilla is a quatrain that offers the poet a variety of rhyme schemes. An envelope of couplets, alternating couplets or conventional couplets, or even a combination of that.The rhyme scheme possibilities are: abbaabababab In the following example Ryter uses a combination of the three rhyme schemes Example To … Continue reading Redondilla Notes
Originally a Malaysian form the Pantoum was adapted by the French and c popular in Europe, with Baudelaire and Fouinet being amongst the foremost users of the form. The Pantoum is a strict repeating form with no stanza count, the French Pantoum as an eight-syllable count, the Malaysian style has no syllable count. The French … Continue reading Pantoum Notes
The Pentastich is a free form quintet with no rhyme scheme or meter requirement. Example Cicada Waltzes by Jez Farmer As the sun rises, animals and treesRejoice the season of lifeDeer are dancing in the forest gladeTo cicada waltzes played in the meadowlandAnd the tawny owl hides in the viridian leaves. Rainbows of colour ripple … Continue reading Pentastich Notes
The Ottava Rima is a popular octave for long poetry. There is no set meter to the eight lines. The rhyme schema is abababccExample Into the Horizon by Jez Farmer Beneath the burning skies I watched the sun,Into the horizon it gently fell,While clouds of dreams, their magic begun,Enchantments woven in a dusky spell,As sunset's … Continue reading Ottava Rima Notes
The Nocturne is poetry suggestive of the moods of night, mainly from a romantic perspective. In the Classical period it was intended for late-evening soirees, however, there is a plethora of other moods of the night the style can be used for. Example Nocturne in a Deserted Brickyard by Carl Sandburg Stuff of the moonRuns … Continue reading Nocturne Notes
Free Style Sonnet 1 Created by Jose Rizal M. ReyesStructure: sestet and octetMeter: Decasyllabic or pentameterSchema: aaaaaa bbccddee Example Call of Fire by Jez Farmer The gut instinct that comes from a somewhereA someplace but I have never been thereLike a memory held too deep to shareFrom ancient days and my soul is awareIt feeds … Continue reading Free Style Sonnet Notes
Persian poetry influenced other nations and whilst Turkish poetry also developed it, it was slightly later influenced by Persian poetry and was popular in Turkey until the fall of the Ottoman Empire. Early Urdu Mathnawi was at first religious in nature, but because of Persian influence included romance, and adventure and even secular stories. The … Continue reading Muzdawidj Notes
Created by: Created by Jose Rizal M. ReyesStructure: Octet and sestetMeter: Decasyllabic or pentameterSchema: abbaabba abbaab Example The Creative Mind by Jez Farmer The creative mind as sharp as an axeHas no time for acts of complacent thoughtHis soul not for sale and cannot be boughtIn imagined worlds formed in parallaxHis muse shedding her artificial … Continue reading Four Kings Sonnet Notes
The Mathnawi is written in rhyming couplets and emerged from an Iranian form around the 4th-10th century, which goes along way to explain the form’s Persian name. The subject matter is normally heroic, religious, or romantic.There is no limit to number of couplets employed, however the lines are usually between ten and twelve syllables. The … Continue reading Mathnawi Notes
Form: Quatrains The seats are full, the tension highA guitar string and I could flyI’m sat eager for the first beatFor the pulse of rock music’s heat That night the wall came down will stayIn our minds as Floyd start to playBerlin was one city once moreThe bass throb vibrates in the floor. Heroes of … Continue reading We Don’t Need No Segregation!
Form: Quatrains The dictionary defines rhymeAs words sounding the same when said.It is not so easy this time.So get that thought out of my head. There are now many types to learnRhymes that are rich, or meet an eyeAs I study and candle burn,A poet, will that soon be I? Identical, true, assonant,Imperfect just like … Continue reading What is Rhyme?
Form: Kyrielle I sat alone in the caféA glass, house red in front of me,My thoughts drift to that day in MayWaiting for my Parisian. In love we walked by the riverAs city lights glimmer all night,The promise, now would deliver,Waiting for my Parisian. Time ticks by so painfully slow,The right place, our place as … Continue reading Un Café en Paris
An Octave is any eight-line poetry form of which there are a wide variety. Most of these forms are discussed in various poetic form notes but octaves with couplets, blank verse, free verse, and the more unusual rhyming patterns such as interior rhyme, beginning of line rhyme are largely ignored. So this is for those … Continue reading Octave Notes
Created by Sarah Rayburn, the novelinee is a nine-line stanza form derived from the Spencerian stanza but written in iambic pentameter or decasyllabic lines. Rhyme Scheme: ababcdcdd Example Morning Tea by Jez Farmer Tea is drunk to forget the din of the world. --- T'ien Yiheng The sparring kids are screaming through the house,as mother … Continue reading Novelinee Notes
Originally a form of night prayers the Nocturna was formed from the French nocturnal and was usually inspired by night music played at evening parties in the 18th century. The reciting of poetry would also have been commonplace. The Nocturna is a nine-line poetry form based on a nocturnal theme containing three three-line lessons. The … Continue reading Nocturna Notes
Structure: Three quatrains and a coupletMeter: 6 syllables or trimeterSchema: abab cded fgfg ce Example Sunrise by Jez Farmer At the beginning of the day I feelJust like a whisper in a lover’s dreamAs remnants of dreams in gold rays congealIn rushing waters of the little streamI feel you standing there right beside meJust like … Continue reading Heather’s Sonnet Notes
Structure: 3 quatrains and a coupletMeter: alternating tetrameter and trimeterRhyme Scheme: abab cdcd efef gg Example The Sentimental Jerk by Jez Farmer As roses bloom in redAnd the violets in blueThe heart rules it is saidWith the words ‘I love you’The heart is just a foolThose words need much more thoughtThey are not for me … Continue reading Half Measured Sonnet Notes
Created by the popular Norwegian poet, Jim T. Henriksen the Monchielle consists of four five-line stanzas. Each line is six syllables, preferably Iambic trimeter. The first line forms the refrain at the beginning of each stanza and lines three and five rhyme giving the following rhyme layout AbcdcAefgfAhijiAklml Example Arcane Blue by Jez Farmer I … Continue reading Monchielle Stanza Notes
Form: Quatrains The world of stars I see,Above the Earth each night,Is where I find my dreams,Before the dawn’s daylight. The kiss of dew tastes sweet,The gift of nature’s rite,Awake the spites of life,Before the dawn’s daylight ©JGFarmer2009
Form: Quatrains For July 8th I have just one wishTo spend an hour with Percy ByssheTo hear him speak and share a whileMaybe even see my hero smile. His works of beauty, I have them allWords from a romantic that often call.Magic images that release my mindSo much inspiration for a painter to find. Verses … Continue reading July 8th
Form: Abbreviated Haiku II insideand outsidewithin close byfar awaywithout connectsoul and mindas one ©JGFarmer2020
So the story goes typing too fast led to abracadabra being misspelt as abacadeba and thus creating the Magic 9,Nine lines of nine syllable with a rhyme scheme ofabacadeba Example Bewitched by Divina Collins Shalt not thy deprave the spell of loveenchanted words that melts the heartthat cast thy spells deep within thereofwithin a mystical … Continue reading Magic 9 Notes
love left tearing my soul as sharpened blades traced veins...
She is the queen of starlit nights, her beauty beyond mortal sights, one kiss, she will possess my soul...
A variation of Common Measure, Long Measure consists quatrains of iambic tetrameter lines with a rhyme pattern of abcb defe and so on, or abac dedf and so on. Example Beneath the Willow Tree by Jez Farmer My words are naught but summer rainwhen met with acrid clouds of doubt.Each time the hurt denies my … Continue reading Long Measure Notes
Structure: Two quatrains and a sestetMeter: Decasyllabic or pentameterRhyme Schema: abba abba ccdeed Example Sacred Art by Jez Farmer Beguiling beauty humbles the proud roseHer grace, a hidden jewel, caught my eyeAnd like a whispered love that breezes sighHer name is lost in gardens I suppose.I sort her name from clouds that swept the skyThey … Continue reading German Sonnet Notes
Church bells ring at Fenchurch St Paul. A wedding, celebrated in true English fashion. A time for joy before the outbreak of war...
From winter’s bough a lonely song Echoes across the empty field She chirps her song the whole day long...
While talking with December late one night A glass of whiskey in my hand I sure he smiled in the firelight...
Limericks come from an old custom of each person at a party singing a nonsense verse off the top of there head followed by the chorus which included the line ‘ Will you come up to Limerick?’ Light and humorous in nature, Limericks can be more difficult to write than they seem. Usually Limericks come … Continue reading Limerick Notes
The Luc Bat is a challenging form for poets who enjoy writing in trimeter/hexasyllabic and tetrameter/octasyllabic lines. The Luc Bat also lends itself to lyric and story-telling poetry. A Vietnamese form luc bat simply translates to six eight. The form was brought to Europe by the French. The odd lines (1, 3, 5, etc) are … Continue reading Luc Bat Notes
And what is this world we have made: Where everyone’s heaven is our sin, The only sin left here is guilt...
On winter's nights, so calm, so still, the Goddess starts to sing, a voice of warmth against the chill...
An interesting form the Italian Quatrain is thought to have been created by Francesco Petrarch when he moved away from the Sicilian court. It is a building block for the Italian, Spanish, and French octaves. It is, however, a form in itself with the precedence of the meter, which consists of eight syllables, being set … Continue reading Italian Quatrain Notes