Structure: Three quatrains and a coupletMeter: 6 syllables or trimeterSchema: abab cded fgfg ce Example Sunrise by Jez Farmer At the beginning of the day I feelJust like a whisper in a lover’s dreamAs remnants of dreams in gold rays congealIn rushing waters of the little streamI feel you standing there right beside meJust like … Continue reading Heather’s Sonnet Notes
Structure: 3 quatrains and a coupletMeter: alternating tetrameter and trimeterRhyme Scheme: abab cdcd efef gg Example The Sentimental Jerk by Jez Farmer As roses bloom in redAnd the violets in blueThe heart rules it is saidWith the words ‘I love you’The heart is just a foolThose words need much more thoughtThey are not for me … Continue reading Half Measured Sonnet Notes
Created by the popular Norwegian poet, Jim T. Henriksen the Monchielle consists of four five-line stanzas. Each line is six syllables, preferably Iambic trimeter. The first line forms the refrain at the beginning of each stanza and lines three and five rhyme giving the following rhyme layout AbcdcAefgfAhijiAklml Example Arcane Blue by Jez Farmer I … Continue reading Monchielle Stanza Notes
Form: Quatrains The world of stars I see,Above the Earth each night,Is where I find my dreams,Before the dawn’s daylight. The kiss of dew tastes sweet,The gift of nature’s rite,Awake the spites of life,Before the dawn’s daylight ©JGFarmer2009
Form: Quatrains For July 8th I have just one wishTo spend an hour with Percy ByssheTo hear him speak and share a whileMaybe even see my hero smile. His works of beauty, I have them allWords from a romantic that often call.Magic images that release my mindSo much inspiration for a painter to find. Verses … Continue reading July 8th
Form: Abbreviated Haiku II insideand outsidewithin close byfar awaywithout connectsoul and mindas one ©JGFarmer2020
So the story goes typing too fast led to abracadabra being misspelt as abacadeba and thus creating the Magic 9,Nine lines of nine syllable with a rhyme scheme ofabacadeba Example Bewitched by Divina Collins Shalt not thy deprave the spell of loveenchanted words that melts the heartthat cast thy spells deep within thereofwithin a mystical … Continue reading Magic 9 Notes
love left tearing my soul as sharpened blades traced veins...
She is the queen of starlit nights, her beauty beyond mortal sights, one kiss, she will possess my soul...
A variation of Common Measure, Long Measure consists quatrains of iambic tetrameter lines with a rhyme pattern of abcb defe and so on, or abac dedf and so on. Example Beneath the Willow Tree by Jez Farmer My words are naught but summer rainwhen met with acrid clouds of doubt.Each time the hurt denies my … Continue reading Long Measure Notes
Structure: Two quatrains and a sestetMeter: Decasyllabic or pentameterRhyme Schema: abba abba ccdeed Example Sacred Art by Jez Farmer Beguiling beauty humbles the proud roseHer grace, a hidden jewel, caught my eyeAnd like a whispered love that breezes sighHer name is lost in gardens I suppose.I sort her name from clouds that swept the skyThey … Continue reading German Sonnet Notes
Church bells ring at Fenchurch St Paul. A wedding, celebrated in true English fashion. A time for joy before the outbreak of war...
From winter’s bough a lonely song Echoes across the empty field She chirps her song the whole day long...
While talking with December late one night A glass of whiskey in my hand I sure he smiled in the firelight...
Limericks come from an old custom of each person at a party singing a nonsense verse off the top of there head followed by the chorus which included the line ‘ Will you come up to Limerick?’ Light and humorous in nature, Limericks can be more difficult to write than they seem. Usually Limericks come … Continue reading Limerick Notes
The Luc Bat is a challenging form for poets who enjoy writing in trimeter/hexasyllabic and tetrameter/octasyllabic lines. The Luc Bat also lends itself to lyric and story-telling poetry. A Vietnamese form luc bat simply translates to six eight. The form was brought to Europe by the French. The odd lines (1, 3, 5, etc) are … Continue reading Luc Bat Notes
And what is this world we have made: Where everyone’s heaven is our sin, The only sin left here is guilt...
On winter's nights, so calm, so still, the Goddess starts to sing, a voice of warmth against the chill...
An interesting form the Italian Quatrain is thought to have been created by Francesco Petrarch when he moved away from the Sicilian court. It is a building block for the Italian, Spanish, and French octaves. It is, however, a form in itself with the precedence of the meter, which consists of eight syllables, being set … Continue reading Italian Quatrain Notes
Dating from the Middle Ages the Kyrielle was once a very popular French form. Written in quatrains with the last line of each quatrains as a refrain. Each line consists of eight syllables. The rhyme scheme is aabB ccbB ddbB and so on Example Jamie’s Song by Jez Farmer We walked through the gilded gatewayTowards … Continue reading Kyrielle Notes
The Lai looks simple comprising nine-line stanza over five-syllable couplet and a two syllable-line. The couplets rhyme with each other as and the single lines rhyme with each other. There is no limit to the number of stanzas. Rhyme scheme: aabaabaab ccdccdccd and so on. Example Clay of Life by Ryter Roethicle Dig your fingers … Continue reading Lai and Virelai Notes
Consisting of two Italian quatrains the Italian octave was used by Petrarch in his poetry. Originally there was no set form or line length and Petrarch used it as a basis for his poems including his sonnets. Spenser later formalised it to iambic pentameter with a rhyme schematic of abbaabba However, English is not a … Continue reading Italian Octave Notes
to reach outside from within the box that holds me trapped inside walls...
Originally the Italian Sestet had no set meter, but with its introduction to England by Edmund Spenser, English poets used iambic tetrameter or pentameter with the rhyme schema as follows: abcabc Example Dream Catcher by Divena Collins To catch a dream and hold it tightYou cherish it dear from the startTime spent together so long … Continue reading Italian Sestet Notes
Structure: 14 linesMeter: No meter requirementSchema: No rhyme specified Example Tad-cu by Jez Famer What star should I lean onAs I walk the path of lifeTowards my destiny, my future, my deathWho is the star that leads me?The shining example of doing it rightWho is the man who stands beside meWhen seeking that second opinionBut … Continue reading Free Verse Sonnet Notes
A very old French verse form the Huitain consists of one eight-line stanza composed of ten-syllable lines. The verse is written over three rhymes and the two popular rhyme schemes are as follows:ababbcbcandabbaacac Example Be thou like a rose by Ryter Roethicle Be thou like a Rose my belovedLet not thy thorns keep me away.When … Continue reading Huitain Notes
Stricter than Common measure, Hymnal Measure consists of alternating rhyming couplets over iambic tetrameter and trimeter. This gives a rhyme scheme of…abab cdcd efef … and so on Example: Hymn to Beauty by Jez Farmer It is an art this kissing thing,A portrait drawn by love;When lips embrace the heart shall singAnd speak desire thereof … Continue reading Hymnal Measure Notes
Yule, divine Pagan rite...
Created by Marcy JarvisStructure: Three quatrains + coupletThree quatrains consisting of 8,8,8,6 syllables of iambic meter in each quatrain with an internal rhyme on the third line of each stanza on the 4th and 8th syllables. The sonnet closes with a couplet of 8 syllable lines, in iambic meter, and rhyme as a couplet.Schema: xxxxxxxaxxxxxxxaxxxbxxxbxxxxxc … Continue reading Curtailed Quaintrelle Notes
Structure: QuatrainsMeter: Decasyllabic or pentameterRhyme: abab bcbc cdcd dd Example Feeling of Love by Terry Clitheroe The feeling never leaves when you love someoneIt's with you for eternity when your soul is sharedThe parting of a lifetime when your love is gone.Her spirit looking at you, knowing that you caredThat you'll never meet again is … Continue reading Irish Sonnet Notes
Japanese poetry forms are gaining popularity with Western Poets. The Haiku has been much abused and carried the brunt of this assault by everyone from first year poetry students and teachers to Microsoft and office humour. Serious poets recognise the little Haiku is in fact a remarkable art form all its own. However,’ for poets … Continue reading Katuata Notes
Structure: Quatrain, sestet and quatrainMeter: Decasyllabic or pentameterRhyme Schema: aaaa bbccbb aaaa Example A Pleasant Plucker’s Mate by Jez Farmer When tears are plucking out my empty sighsMy loyal friend still sits upon my wanting thighsAnd waits my hand without no hows and whysAs his taut echoes lift me to the skies.Even if my songs … Continue reading Flying Bird Sonnet Notes
In winter’s white, as angels cry for early spring to warm the wind, to bring to life with gentle sigh...
Created by Larry EberhardtStructure: Two quatrains, a couplet, and a quatrainMeter: Decasyllabic or pentameterRhyme Schema: abab bcbc cc cdcd Example Tell Me of Your Anger in Whispers by Larry Eberhardt Should you be moved to speak in anger, dear,I ask that first you test your words alone.You’ll want to be assured your meaning’s clearif anger … Continue reading Fatima Stanza Sonnet Notes
Gothic or Dark Poetry is an invitation to write the darker side of life and the imagination. It’s an alternative to the sweet and romantic love poetry of Keats or Wordsworth. So, if you feel a need to write about the feelings of someone being there when you are alone, the dark emotions of depression, … Continue reading Gothic Poetry Notes
Originating in Cambodia the Go Vat became popular among French poets in the late 1800s. It consists of a couplet which sets the rhyme of the subsequent stanzas, and a third line that repeats either in total, a phrase, or the last word throughout the poem. This gives the following structure and schema xxxxxxxaxxxxxxxaxxxxxxxB xxxxxxxaxxxxxxxaxxxxxxxB … Continue reading Go Vat Notes
The Heroic Stanza is a popular quatrain used in ballades and storytelling. It consists of one unrhymed couplet and a rhymed couplet giving the poet some choice in rhyme pattern. Both couplets are decasyllabic or iambic pentameter.Possible rhyme schemas: abcb defe ghih and so onabbc deef ghhi and so onabac dedf ghgi and so onabca … Continue reading Heroic Stanza Notes
Arouse the senses, Breath meeting quivering lips, Craving mouth-watering moments...
A Heroic Couplet is two successive lines of rhymed poetry written in iambic pentameter. It earned the name Heroic Couplet for its use in 17th and 18th century epic poetry. In neo-classical usage it was required to express a complete thought in a closed couplet with a pause at the end of the first line. … Continue reading Heroic Couplet Notes
Structure: Octet and sestetMeter: Decasyllabic or pentameterRhyme Schema: abbacddc efgefg Example Gill Nets by Jez Farmer Old wooden boats are waiting by the seaThe tide is out they have no place to goIn stillness, they wait for the ebb and flowThe turning of the tide will set them freeAs waves come closer to their aging … Continue reading Envelope Sonnet Notes
The dew lays twinkling on the morning grass The sultry day beckons with summer heat Through spider webs cast like finest cut glass...
A variation of Common Measure which gives the poet two choices of rhyme scheme. Both consist of four-line stanzas in iambic trimeter or hexasyllabic lines. The first has a pattern of two alternating rhymes and in the second lines two and four rhyme. abab cdcd efef and so onabcb defe ghih and so on Example … Continue reading Half Measure Notes
Structure: 3 quatrains and a coupletMeter: Decasyllabic or pentameterRhyme Schema: abab cdcd efef gg Example Sonnet 106 by William Shakespeare When in the chronicle of wasted timeI see descriptions of the fairest wights,And beauty making beautiful old rhymeIn praise of ladies dead, and lovely knights,Then, in the blazon of sweet beauty’s best,Of hand, of foot, … Continue reading English Sonnet Notes
It’s fun to go to grandma’s house She always bakes chocolate cake She bought me a cute candy mouse...
Structure: 2 quatrains, a couplet, and a quatrainMeter: Decasyllabic or pentameterSchema: abba abab ba baba Example Where Fairies Play by Jez Farmer The scented garden where I wait for youI sit and watch the fairies come to playAnd hear them sing their ancient songs of MayBeneath the pretty bells of velvet blue.My ragged jeans are … Continue reading Elfin Stanza Sonnet Notes
A rather different poetic form, especially for English language poets, is the Goethe Stanza. Each stanza comprises of a single line a couplet and another single line. The first single line rhymes with the second line of the couplet and the first line of the couplet rhymes with the second single line. There is no … Continue reading Goethe Stanza Notes
The Ghazal form exists throughout the Muslim world having originated in the Ottoman empire and as Islam spread throughout the empire so did their poetry. The Ghazal is mostly far from religious subject matter, however, and is blessed with an abundance of erotica.The Ghazal is a series of couplets, each capable of standing alone as … Continue reading Ghazal Notes
The Spanish Glosa is known as a mote or retruecano, closely related to the cantiga. In its strict form, it is a poem consisting of a cabeza or texte line or short stanza that states the theme of the poem and followed by one stanza for each line of the cabeza explaining or glossing that … Continue reading Glosa Notes
Without doubt the most popular poetry is Free Verse, despite a minority who would argue it not proper poetry because proper poetry must rhyme and have meter. I would argue that some poetry rhymes yet has no meter and some prose may not rhyme but it has meter. In fact, spoken English is dominated by … Continue reading Free Verse Notes
Created by Jeff GreenStructure: 3 quatrains and a coupletMeter: Decasyllabic or pentameterSchema: A1bbA2 accA2 addA2 A1A2 Example: Lebensraum by Jez Farmer To find the place where gods reside; just lookInto a candle’s solitary flameAnd listen for their voice to call your nameWithin the self, and there you’ll find their nookThis place is never found in … Continue reading Echo Sonnet Notes