whatever it takes no sacrifice is to great a silent promise I made...
Background: Every Thursday Sue Vincent hosts the #writephoto prompt. This week’s prompt ...
The popular English Quintain has no set meter with a rhyme schemexbxbbxdxdd… etc.orababbcdcdd… etc. Example The Boatman by Sean Curtis Do not call the boatman earlyWe must all wait out our time,He will not come if it's untimelyHe'll leave you waiting out of lineAnd the future will not be fine If he comes and takes … Continue reading English Quintain Notes
More of an effect than a set sonnet form the chained sonnet can be used with any sonnet variant the poet chooses. Each line begins with the last word of the preceding line. For a cyclic chained sonnet the last word of the last line should be the first word of the first line. Structure: … Continue reading Chained Sonnet Notes
Forces of nature, hail to Thee, From here on bended knee. The Earth Mother graces us with life...
Originally created by Gerard Manly Hopkins using his devised meter Sprung Rhythm sonnet purists would argue the Curtal Sonnet is not a true sonnet, nevertheless I shall include it in my notes as a valid sonnet form. The Curtal is a shortened, or curtailed sonnet, specifically referring to a sonnet composed of a sestet and … Continue reading Curtal Sonnet Notes
Created by Jose Rizal M. ReyesMeter: Decasyllabic or pentameterStructure: 3 quatrains and a coupletRhyme Scheme: abba cddc eefg gf Example: Necrosis by Jez Farmer The shimmery haze like buckets of mistReflect the heat against the dying grassAnd old man time must surely breathe his lastThere is no way out; no mystery twistUnheard warnings left all … Continue reading Countess Grief Sonnet Notes
Structure: Quatorzain of coupletsMeter: AnySchema: aabbccddeeffgg Example: Line by Line by Jez Farmer The soft touch of her lover’s lipsOn her skin his tongue slowly skipsHis hunger, her passion as oneDefining love’s erotic funWithout words, with a metered beatTheir verse inscribed in sexual feetA dance, a song, a poem foundShe drags her nails in the … Continue reading Clare’s Sonnet Notes
Historically the ode form was brought to England at about the same time as the sonnet and was used by many poets. The English Ode uses a rhyme schema of four-line Sicilian stanza and an Italian sestet.ababcdecde fgfghijhij… and so on Example Ode to Future Past by Divena Collins Oh warm South wind come blow … Continue reading English Ode Notes
Created by Victoria Sutton. The first four syllable of line #1, becomes the last four syllables of Line #4 in each of the quatrains. Cross Sonnet 1 Structure: 3 quatrains and a coupletMeter: Octosyllabic or tetrameterSchema: aabb ccdd eeff gg Example Silent Words by Jez Farmer Her eyes that speak of love’s desireEcho the music … Continue reading Cross Sonnet Notes
Created by Divena Collins, the Divino Sonetto has two variants. Sonetto 1 Structure: Octet and sestetMeter: Decasyllabic or pentameterSchema: aabbcddc eefeff Example: A Closed Door by Jez Farmer The silent tears that nobody saw cryAs deep within a soul just wished to dieUnspoken the words that voiced so much painOf a heart broken again and … Continue reading Divino Sonetto Notes
Zen in a moment Yielding in silent tides of destiny eXistence dissolving into night fall...
Historically, travellers were influencing the courts of Europe and introducing sonnet poetry to England, France, and Spain. At the same time in the south west of England traders were also introducing hybrid poetry influenced by Arab traders who plied their trade along the Mediterranean and the shores of Cornwall resulting in a fusion of the … Continue reading Cornish Sonnet Notes
Structure: 3 quatrains and a coupletMeter: Decasyllabic or pentameterSchema: xaxa xbxb xcxc dd Example: Down by the Stream by Jez Farmer Each night I walk past the tree-lined stream,And see the seasons flowing quickly by,The silver shards that moonlight leaves behind,Entwined with rusty gold of autumn's sigh.I sit and stare as if I'm lost in … Continue reading Chivalric Sonnet Notes
I feel your eyes caress as I dance Probing, stroking...
From the popular Sicilian sestet evolved the English variant made popular by William Shakespeare using the rhyme scheme in his sonnets. Strictly speaking the lines should be in Iambic pentameter but many modern poets prefer to use decasyllabic lines. The rhyme scheme for the English sestet is ababcc dedeff… and so on Example Mother Moon … Continue reading English Sestet Notes
The Enclosed Triplet format forms the basis of the Sicilian Triplet, Terza Rima, and using the enclosed rhyme as a continuity, the Villanelle and the Terzenelle.The base form is often written in Iambic tetrameter or pentameter (octosyllabic or decasyllabic) lines. The poet can either use the enclosed line to lead the first line of the … Continue reading Enclosed Triplet Notes
From ‘The Book of Forms’ by Lewis Turco, the Decastich is any complete poem of 10 lines. There is no mention of meter, syllable count or rhyme schematics giving a lot of scope to the poet for experimentation and exploration of ideas. Example: Heart Fruit by Terry Clitheroe My fantasies of yougo beyond the realm … Continue reading Decastich Notes
A variation to Common Measure is the Common Octave, a stanza form consisting of eight lines with alternating meter. Lines 1,3, 5, and 7 are iambic tetrameter or octosyllabic and lines 2, 4, 6, and 8 are iambic trimeter or six syllables. Lines 2, 4, 6 and 8 also rhyme. This gives the following rhyme … Continue reading Common Octave Notes
Created by: Terry ClitheroeStructure: Two quintains and a quatrainMeter: Decasyllabic or pentameterSchema: ababa ababa cdcd Example: Awake at Last by Terry Clitheroe Wouldst take thee in my arms for a whileEternity would be much too short a time.Thou know'st my heart is so easy to beguileTo leave too soon would be a grievous crimeI happily … Continue reading Constellation Sonnet Notes
Common Measure NotesA multi-stanza form, Common Measure consists of alternating iambic tetrameter and trimeter lines, with the trimeter lines forming a rhyme. xxxxxxxaxxxxxbxxxxxxxcxxxxxb xxxxxxxdxxxxxexxxxxxxfxxxxxe and so on Example: Amazing Grace by John Newton Amazing Grace, how sweet the soundThat saved a wretch like meI once was lost, but now am foundWas blind but now I … Continue reading Common Measure Notes
The Empat, Empat or four by four is a Malaysian form, similar to the Pantoum. The Empat, Empat is a four-stanza poem with each stanza comprised of two couplets. Each line has eight syllables with the meter being at the poet’s discretion. The first steps down as the second line of stanza two, the third … Continue reading Empat, Empat Notes
Her needle moves in a motion of fine art A bourgeoisie lady in Versailles’ halls Stitches of colour passing the time...
A French form and originally would have consisted of eight syllable lines, but later in English poetry ten syllable lines often iambic pentameter were also used. These days it’s very much up to the poet The rhyme scheme is ababbbccdcd and so on Example: Realisation by Terry Clitheroe A falling star streaks above the EarthThe … Continue reading Dizain Notes
The Collin’s sestet is a creative combination of three poetic groups – rhyming couplets, creating a sestet with the last line of the stanza being a repeat of the line, phrase, or word in the next stanza. No meter is specified other than that if only heroic (iambic pentameter) couplets are used the stanza is … Continue reading Collins Sestet Notes
Structure: QuatorzainMeter: Decasyllabic or pentameterSchema: xxxxxxxxxxxxaa Example Riding the Waves by Jez Farmer Cruelly torn from love’s tantalizing kissThe rage of passion burns beneath my skinIt feeds on pleasure gasping from your lipsAs my tongue flickers softly on your fleshI watch you writhing possessed by desireHow slow the touch comes when it’s all you needA … Continue reading Capped Sonnet Notes
Structure: 3 quatrains and a coupletMeter: Decasyllabic or pentameterSchema: abab bbcc cdcd dd Example: Heat of the Moment by Jez Farmer I need to take you in my arms tonight,To hold you close and taste your lips on mine,And feel your sighs entwine with my delight,As passion wraps us up in honeyed wine.In this embrace … Continue reading Choi’s Sonnet Notes
Structure: 2 quatrains and a sestetMeter: Decasyllabic or pentameterSchema: abba cddc effegg Example: Phantasm by Jez Farmer The garden has lost its beautiful roseAnd so the sky has lost its brightest starAs this emptiness echoes near and farMy life without you; fear the worst of foesEchoes that speak only in evil dreamsTo open the weary … Continue reading Canadian Sonnet (Italian) Notes
Created by Shelley A Cephas the Decuain is a 10-line form and can be used for any subject. Conventionally the 10 lines should be decasyllabic or iambic pentameter with one of three rhyme schemes Structure: 10 lines per stanza over three endline rhymesMeter: Decasyllabic or iambic pentameterSchema: ababbcbcaa or ababbcbcbb or ababbcbccc Example: A Writer’s … Continue reading Decuain Notes
Crystal orbs lie shattered in dust, As the cherubs of twilight pry Angel eyes invade divine lust...
The Clerihew is a dipodic quatrain and consists of two rhymesaabbThe title is the name of the person being satirised, and forms the first line Example: Timelords’ Clerihew by Jez Farmer They call him Doctor but whoWhen in his Tardis he flewLike a shooting star tripping through timeBut his fashion sense is a crime His … Continue reading Clerihew Notes
Structure: 2 quatrains and 2 tripletsMeter: Decasyllabic or pentameterSchema: abba bccb efg efg Example: Champagne Flute by Jez Farmer Two bubbles within the glass flute appearBoth born of wine to rise in time as oneFor destiny will never be outdoneAs streams of condensation swiftly clearIn icy cold sweetness we celebrateA joining the mystic eyes could … Continue reading Canadian Sonnet (English) Notes
The Cinquain is a popular five-line stanza, derived from a very casual French form by Adelaide Crapsey. The five lines have specific syllable count starting with a two-syllable line and each of the following three lines increasing by two syllables and the final line is two syllables. Many poets use iambic meter, but that is … Continue reading Cinquain Notes
Structure: Octet and sestetMeter: Decasyllabic or pentameterSchema: abbaacca dedede Example: Sighing Kiss by Jez Farmer In love’s kiss the spirit is shared with loveAnd two hearts begin to beat as oneEntwined in union beneath the sunAs two surrender to the stars aboveHer hand in mine so it fits like a gloveWhile her eyes deny me … Continue reading Byronic Sonnet Notes
The most intricate Japanese Poetry form is the Long Poem or Choka. It consists of a series of Katuata joined together in one stanza. The choice of structure for the English language poet is repetitions of 5-7-7 syllable lines, 17 onji Katuata or 5-7-5 syllable lines, 19 onji Katuata. Terry Clitheroe’s example uses three 19 … Continue reading Choka Notes
I’M shutting it out TRYING to stop the noise TO forget what used to be...
Meter: No meter requirementStructure: Quintain, quatrain and quintainRhyme Scheme: abcba deed fghgf Example: Divine Pleasures by Jez Farmer The chime that travels in to yesterdayAn echo of youth now so distantWhen the heat of summer meant endless funResponsibility non-existentWhen all we had to do was run and playThe bells of sweet coolness would call outAs … Continue reading Busto Sonetto 2 Notes
Warm your breath breezes across my bare skin. Flooding the valleys of my body with need. Lasting heat of your kisses deep within...
Structure: Quatrain and 2 quintainsMeter: No meter requirementSchema: abba cdedc fghgf Example: Desire Aches by Jez Farmer Love has taken my heart to be with youFrom a distance to your arms’ close embraceAs in the moon’s shadow I kiss your faceRefuelling desire to feel fresh and newForgetting how long we have been apartThe long nights … Continue reading Busta Sonetto 3 Notes
The sun setting on the horizon line, As damask streaks appear in the dusk sky. White crested the waves fall softly in line...
The name Cavatina points to the form’s Italian origins and emerged around the time of Petrarch. It consists of a ten-syllable line alternating with a four-syllable line at least three times per stanza and is completed with a ten-syllable line couplet. Example: Blazing Fires by Peggy Nelson Wild fires blazing, destroying homesTrees and life'sAnimals running … Continue reading Cavatina Notes
Created by: Robin SkeltonMeter: No set meterStructure: QuatrainsRhyme Scheme: ABbA BCcB CDdC and so on until … ZAaZ ABbA The Catena Rondo is a quatrain stanza form. The second and third line of each quatrain form a rhyming couplet and second line is used as the first and last line of the next quatrain. There … Continue reading Catena Rondo Notes
Meter: No meter requirementStructure: 2 quintains and a quatrainRhyme Scheme: abcba defed ghhg Example: Danish Prince by Jez Farmer A soliloquy questions life or deathOne man’s desperate plea seeking choiceAs he utters ‘to be or not to be’The strain echoing in his troubled voiceAnd again, as he draws into his breathHis crying eyes blinded by … Continue reading Busta Sonetto 1 Notes
Created by Kathy Anderson Structure: 5 Stanzas of 5 Lines Line 1 consists of four to five syllables and is repeated in each stanzaLine 2 consists of four or five syllables and rhymes with the subsequent second linesLine 3 consists of two or three syllables and emphasizes the previous statementLine 4 consists of four or … Continue reading Cardinal Stanza Notes
Created by: Lawrence Eberhart.Meter: Lines1 through 12 alternate 15 and 11 syllable. Lines 13 and 14 each have 15 syllablesStructure: Octet and sestetRhyme Scheme: ababcdcd efefgg Example: The Magic by Jez Farmer Only lovers share the true secrets of love that touch the soulThe mystery hidden betwixt stars and moonAnd none may know why the … Continue reading Bush Ballad Meter Sonnet Notes
Meter: Meter of first line sets the tempoStructure: Minimum two octavesRhyme Scheme: ababcdcdD or abababaB The canzonetta is a variation of the canzone. It consists of at least two octaves, each using a series of alternating couplets. The last line or phrase is repeated in each subsequent stanza. Example: Hot Summer Nights by Terry Clitheroe … Continue reading Canzonetta Notes
Created by Robert BurnsMeter: No meter specifiedStructure: Three quatrains and a coupletRhyme Scheme: abab cddc efef gg Example: A Sonnet upon Sonnets by Robert Burns Fourteen, a sonneteer thy praises sing;What magic myst’ries in that number lie!Your hen hath fourteen eggs beneath her wingsThat fourteen chickens to the roost may fly.Fourteen full pounds the jockey’s … Continue reading Burns’ Sonnet Notes
Also known as the Standard Habbie this stanza consists of six lines. Lines 1, 2, 3, and 5 are octosyllabic and rhyme. Lines 4 and 6 are hexasyllabic and form the second rhyme. This gives the following schematic: xxxxxxxaxxxxxxxaxxxxxxxaxxxxxbxxxxxxxaxxxxxb Example: To a Mouse on Turning up her Nest with a Plough by Robert Burns Wee … Continue reading Burns’ Stanza Notes
Meter: Decasyllabic or pentameterStructure: 2 sestets and a coupletRhyme Scheme: abcabc defdef gg Example: The Dance by Jez Farmer And should we dance the tango once again?For now the moon is falling from the sky,While sultry music fades into silence,And time is rushing on to dreaded whenWe’ll share a kiss before we say goodbyeAnd clocks … Continue reading Brisbane Sonnet Notes
Derived in the late 19th century the Blues Stanza is based on the Afro-American songs of lamentation and sadness. However, there is no rules that say the poem has to be a sad one. It is a structured tercet stanza with a repeat rhyme in lines 1 and 2 with the third line rhyming with … Continue reading Blues Stanza Notes