In winter’s white, as angels cry for early spring to warm the wind, to bring to life with gentle sigh...
Created by Larry EberhardtStructure: Two quatrains, a couplet, and a quatrainMeter: Decasyllabic or pentameterRhyme Schema: abab bcbc cc cdcd Example Tell Me of Your Anger in Whispers by Larry Eberhardt Should you be moved to speak in anger, dear,I ask that first you test your words alone.You’ll want to be assured your meaning’s clearif anger … Continue reading Fatima Stanza Sonnet Notes
Gothic or Dark Poetry is an invitation to write the darker side of life and the imagination. It’s an alternative to the sweet and romantic love poetry of Keats or Wordsworth. So, if you feel a need to write about the feelings of someone being there when you are alone, the dark emotions of depression, … Continue reading Gothic Poetry Notes
Originating in Cambodia the Go Vat became popular among French poets in the late 1800s. It consists of a couplet which sets the rhyme of the subsequent stanzas, and a third line that repeats either in total, a phrase, or the last word throughout the poem. This gives the following structure and schema xxxxxxxaxxxxxxxaxxxxxxxB xxxxxxxaxxxxxxxaxxxxxxxB … Continue reading Go Vat Notes
The Heroic Stanza is a popular quatrain used in ballades and storytelling. It consists of one unrhymed couplet and a rhymed couplet giving the poet some choice in rhyme pattern. Both couplets are decasyllabic or iambic pentameter.Possible rhyme schemas: abcb defe ghih and so onabbc deef ghhi and so onabac dedf ghgi and so onabca … Continue reading Heroic Stanza Notes
Arouse the senses, Breath meeting quivering lips, Craving mouth-watering moments...
A Heroic Couplet is two successive lines of rhymed poetry written in iambic pentameter. It earned the name Heroic Couplet for its use in 17th and 18th century epic poetry. In neo-classical usage it was required to express a complete thought in a closed couplet with a pause at the end of the first line. … Continue reading Heroic Couplet Notes
Structure: Octet and sestetMeter: Decasyllabic or pentameterRhyme Schema: abbacddc efgefg Example Gill Nets by Jez Farmer Old wooden boats are waiting by the seaThe tide is out they have no place to goIn stillness, they wait for the ebb and flowThe turning of the tide will set them freeAs waves come closer to their aging … Continue reading Envelope Sonnet Notes
The dew lays twinkling on the morning grass The sultry day beckons with summer heat Through spider webs cast like finest cut glass...
A variation of Common Measure which gives the poet two choices of rhyme scheme. Both consist of four-line stanzas in iambic trimeter or hexasyllabic lines. The first has a pattern of two alternating rhymes and in the second lines two and four rhyme. abab cdcd efef and so onabcb defe ghih and so on Example … Continue reading Half Measure Notes
Structure: 3 quatrains and a coupletMeter: Decasyllabic or pentameterRhyme Schema: abab cdcd efef gg Example Sonnet 106 by William Shakespeare When in the chronicle of wasted timeI see descriptions of the fairest wights,And beauty making beautiful old rhymeIn praise of ladies dead, and lovely knights,Then, in the blazon of sweet beauty’s best,Of hand, of foot, … Continue reading English Sonnet Notes
It’s fun to go to grandma’s house She always bakes chocolate cake She bought me a cute candy mouse...
Structure: 2 quatrains, a couplet, and a quatrainMeter: Decasyllabic or pentameterSchema: abba abab ba baba Example Where Fairies Play by Jez Farmer The scented garden where I wait for youI sit and watch the fairies come to playAnd hear them sing their ancient songs of MayBeneath the pretty bells of velvet blue.My ragged jeans are … Continue reading Elfin Stanza Sonnet Notes
A rather different poetic form, especially for English language poets, is the Goethe Stanza. Each stanza comprises of a single line a couplet and another single line. The first single line rhymes with the second line of the couplet and the first line of the couplet rhymes with the second single line. There is no … Continue reading Goethe Stanza Notes
The Ghazal form exists throughout the Muslim world having originated in the Ottoman empire and as Islam spread throughout the empire so did their poetry. The Ghazal is mostly far from religious subject matter, however, and is blessed with an abundance of erotica.The Ghazal is a series of couplets, each capable of standing alone as … Continue reading Ghazal Notes
The Spanish Glosa is known as a mote or retruecano, closely related to the cantiga. In its strict form, it is a poem consisting of a cabeza or texte line or short stanza that states the theme of the poem and followed by one stanza for each line of the cabeza explaining or glossing that … Continue reading Glosa Notes
Without doubt the most popular poetry is Free Verse, despite a minority who would argue it not proper poetry because proper poetry must rhyme and have meter. I would argue that some poetry rhymes yet has no meter and some prose may not rhyme but it has meter. In fact, spoken English is dominated by … Continue reading Free Verse Notes
Created by Jeff GreenStructure: 3 quatrains and a coupletMeter: Decasyllabic or pentameterSchema: A1bbA2 accA2 addA2 A1A2 Example: Lebensraum by Jez Farmer To find the place where gods reside; just lookInto a candle’s solitary flameAnd listen for their voice to call your nameWithin the self, and there you’ll find their nookThis place is never found in … Continue reading Echo Sonnet Notes
Probably created by Francesco Petrarch when he moved to the Sicilian court, Envelope stanzas are building blocks for the Italian, Spanish, and French octaves. However, it is a poetic form in its own right and the latter Spanish and French have set the precedence for the meter of eight syllables, or Iambic Tetrameter with the … Continue reading Envelope Stanza Notes
Created by: Jose Rizal M. Reyes, named by Lawrence EberhartStructure: 2 Quatrains, couplet and a quatrainMeter: Decasyllabic or pentameterSchema: aaaB cccB dd eeeB Example The Deplorables by Jose Rizal M. Reyes They do not bear a dainty nameto shield from scoffers and from shame.Quite merrily they play the game.Because they are Deplorables!They fear no libtards … Continue reading Deplorable Sonnet Notes
Structure: Octet and sestetMeter: Decasyllabic or pentameterSchema: abccbadd exefxf Example: Where the Bluebells Grow by Jez Farmer If I could borrow an hour of your timeWould you then join me where the bluebells growSo I may hold you in the pale spring lightI want you to grasp me, holding me tightAs your body tells me … Continue reading Dutch Sonnet Notes
What is strength compared To beauty’s power to hold Destiny and in her hand...
A natural progression from four to five line stanzas is found in the Envelope Quintet simply by turning the middle couplet into a triplet. This gives a rhyme scheme ofabbba cdddc efffe and so on Example Teagan De Danaan by Jez Farmer Texte He came through luxuriant redwood trees Bamboo groves set among hills A … Continue reading Envelope Quintet Notes
Created by: Jose Rizal M. ReyesStructure: Octet and sestetMeter: Decasyllabic or pentameterSchema: aaaaaaaa aaaaaa Example: A Lover's Request by Jez Farmer There is no greater beauty I can seeThan one that sets the heart so gently freeThe one great truth found in our destinyThe softest touch that burns with wondrous gleeNo song is sung between … Continue reading Asean Sonnet Notes
nothing special herejust a poet writing wordsbut still I am me ©JGFarmer2020
The Envelope Sestet is a stricter variation of the stave stanza. The last line of each stanza is a repetition of the first line. The second and fifth lines rhyme with the refrain lines, leaving only the third and fourth line to change rhyme. The rhyme scheme, therefore, is:AabbaA CcddcC EeffeE… and so on Example … Continue reading Envelope Sestet Notes
With eyes that shimmer moonlight's dawn, reflect desire with senses torn, at love's caress from head to toe...
The origins of the Cyhydedd Fer Sonnet are unclear given the Cyhydedd Fer couplet easily lends itself to the sonnet form. An ancient Welsh couplet form its more than likely a series of seven couplets was being used long before the advent of the sonnet. The Cyhydedd Fer creates an unusual sonnet rhythm as there … Continue reading Cyhydedd Fer Sonnet Notes
whatever it takes no sacrifice is to great a silent promise I made...
Background: Every Thursday Sue Vincent hosts the #writephoto prompt. This week’s prompt ...
The popular English Quintain has no set meter with a rhyme schemexbxbbxdxdd… etc.orababbcdcdd… etc. Example The Boatman by Sean Curtis Do not call the boatman earlyWe must all wait out our time,He will not come if it's untimelyHe'll leave you waiting out of lineAnd the future will not be fine If he comes and takes … Continue reading English Quintain Notes
More of an effect than a set sonnet form the chained sonnet can be used with any sonnet variant the poet chooses. Each line begins with the last word of the preceding line. For a cyclic chained sonnet the last word of the last line should be the first word of the first line. Structure: … Continue reading Chained Sonnet Notes
Forces of nature, hail to Thee, From here on bended knee. The Earth Mother graces us with life...
Originally created by Gerard Manly Hopkins using his devised meter Sprung Rhythm sonnet purists would argue the Curtal Sonnet is not a true sonnet, nevertheless I shall include it in my notes as a valid sonnet form. The Curtal is a shortened, or curtailed sonnet, specifically referring to a sonnet composed of a sestet and … Continue reading Curtal Sonnet Notes
Created by Jose Rizal M. ReyesMeter: Decasyllabic or pentameterStructure: 3 quatrains and a coupletRhyme Scheme: abba cddc eefg gf Example: Necrosis by Jez Farmer The shimmery haze like buckets of mistReflect the heat against the dying grassAnd old man time must surely breathe his lastThere is no way out; no mystery twistUnheard warnings left all … Continue reading Countess Grief Sonnet Notes
Structure: Quatorzain of coupletsMeter: AnySchema: aabbccddeeffgg Example: Line by Line by Jez Farmer The soft touch of her lover’s lipsOn her skin his tongue slowly skipsHis hunger, her passion as oneDefining love’s erotic funWithout words, with a metered beatTheir verse inscribed in sexual feetA dance, a song, a poem foundShe drags her nails in the … Continue reading Clare’s Sonnet Notes
Historically the ode form was brought to England at about the same time as the sonnet and was used by many poets. The English Ode uses a rhyme schema of four-line Sicilian stanza and an Italian sestet.ababcdecde fgfghijhij… and so on Example Ode to Future Past by Divena Collins Oh warm South wind come blow … Continue reading English Ode Notes
Created by Victoria Sutton. The first four syllable of line #1, becomes the last four syllables of Line #4 in each of the quatrains. Cross Sonnet 1 Structure: 3 quatrains and a coupletMeter: Octosyllabic or tetrameterSchema: aabb ccdd eeff gg Example Silent Words by Jez Farmer Her eyes that speak of love’s desireEcho the music … Continue reading Cross Sonnet Notes
Created by Divena Collins, the Divino Sonetto has two variants. Sonetto 1 Structure: Octet and sestetMeter: Decasyllabic or pentameterSchema: aabbcddc eefeff Example: A Closed Door by Jez Farmer The silent tears that nobody saw cryAs deep within a soul just wished to dieUnspoken the words that voiced so much painOf a heart broken again and … Continue reading Divino Sonetto Notes
Zen in a moment Yielding in silent tides of destiny eXistence dissolving into night fall...
Historically, travellers were influencing the courts of Europe and introducing sonnet poetry to England, France, and Spain. At the same time in the south west of England traders were also introducing hybrid poetry influenced by Arab traders who plied their trade along the Mediterranean and the shores of Cornwall resulting in a fusion of the … Continue reading Cornish Sonnet Notes
Structure: 3 quatrains and a coupletMeter: Decasyllabic or pentameterSchema: xaxa xbxb xcxc dd Example: Down by the Stream by Jez Farmer Each night I walk past the tree-lined stream,And see the seasons flowing quickly by,The silver shards that moonlight leaves behind,Entwined with rusty gold of autumn's sigh.I sit and stare as if I'm lost in … Continue reading Chivalric Sonnet Notes
I feel your eyes caress as I dance Probing, stroking...
From the popular Sicilian sestet evolved the English variant made popular by William Shakespeare using the rhyme scheme in his sonnets. Strictly speaking the lines should be in Iambic pentameter but many modern poets prefer to use decasyllabic lines. The rhyme scheme for the English sestet is ababcc dedeff… and so on Example Mother Moon … Continue reading English Sestet Notes
The Enclosed Triplet format forms the basis of the Sicilian Triplet, Terza Rima, and using the enclosed rhyme as a continuity, the Villanelle and the Terzenelle.The base form is often written in Iambic tetrameter or pentameter (octosyllabic or decasyllabic) lines. The poet can either use the enclosed line to lead the first line of the … Continue reading Enclosed Triplet Notes
From ‘The Book of Forms’ by Lewis Turco, the Decastich is any complete poem of 10 lines. There is no mention of meter, syllable count or rhyme schematics giving a lot of scope to the poet for experimentation and exploration of ideas. Example: Heart Fruit by Terry Clitheroe My fantasies of yougo beyond the realm … Continue reading Decastich Notes
A variation to Common Measure is the Common Octave, a stanza form consisting of eight lines with alternating meter. Lines 1,3, 5, and 7 are iambic tetrameter or octosyllabic and lines 2, 4, 6, and 8 are iambic trimeter or six syllables. Lines 2, 4, 6 and 8 also rhyme. This gives the following rhyme … Continue reading Common Octave Notes
Created by: Terry ClitheroeStructure: Two quintains and a quatrainMeter: Decasyllabic or pentameterSchema: ababa ababa cdcd Example: Awake at Last by Terry Clitheroe Wouldst take thee in my arms for a whileEternity would be much too short a time.Thou know'st my heart is so easy to beguileTo leave too soon would be a grievous crimeI happily … Continue reading Constellation Sonnet Notes
Common Measure NotesA multi-stanza form, Common Measure consists of alternating iambic tetrameter and trimeter lines, with the trimeter lines forming a rhyme. xxxxxxxaxxxxxbxxxxxxxcxxxxxb xxxxxxxdxxxxxexxxxxxxfxxxxxe and so on Example: Amazing Grace by John Newton Amazing Grace, how sweet the soundThat saved a wretch like meI once was lost, but now am foundWas blind but now I … Continue reading Common Measure Notes
The Empat, Empat or four by four is a Malaysian form, similar to the Pantoum. The Empat, Empat is a four-stanza poem with each stanza comprised of two couplets. Each line has eight syllables with the meter being at the poet’s discretion. The first steps down as the second line of stanza two, the third … Continue reading Empat, Empat Notes