Sonnetina Uno

The first of the sonnetinas, the Sonnetina Uno is a ten-line form written in iambic tetrameter, pentameter or any other consistent meter. It is a blank verse. Example Unspeakable Need by Jez Farmer A whisper of lavender calls a dream, In gentle words that dare the heart to care As darker thoughts recall how love … Continue reading Sonnetina Uno


Short Particular Measure

Short Particular Measure is a stanza form with each stanza consisting of six lines. Lines 1, 2, 4 and 5 are trimeter or six syllables and lines 3 and 6 are tetrameter or eight syllables in length. The rhyme scheme is aabaab Example: The Beautiful Mind by Jez Farmer You insist I am straight Sorry … Continue reading Short Particular Measure

Shelley’s Sonnet

Percy Bysshe Shelly seemed to have a fondness for interlocking stanzas, possibly a nod to French literature. In his sonnet, he follows the continental octave and sestet format, but he also links the first four lines into the second half of the octave, again the second half of the octave links into the first half … Continue reading Shelley’s Sonnet

Rhopalic Verse

The Rhopalic verse is not as easy as it looks at first glance. The rules of the form are simple enough as for each line the first word is one syllable, the second is two, the third is three and so on. There are no other limits in line length or the number of stanzas. … Continue reading Rhopalic Verse


Octaves are widely known in their strict forms of variant metered rhyme schemas. However, they can also be eight-line stanzas that use one or more alternative poetic devices such as: syllable count, internal rhyme, a couplet in each stanza, meter and so on. For my example I have worked in Iambic Diameter, any rhymes are … Continue reading Octave

Luc Bat

Luc Bat translates to six eight and that is reflected in the 6868… syllable counts of the lines. Lines 1,3,5 and so on are all 6 syllables and lines 2,4,6 and so on are 8. The rhyme scheme is easy to remember too. The last syllable of an odd line rhymes with the 6th syllable … Continue reading Luc Bat

Malaysian Pantoum

Strict repeating forms are normally restricted by stanza count, syllable count or a cyclic repeat back to the first stanza. In it’s original Malaysian form there is no such restriction. The rhyme scheme is A1B1A2B2 B1C1B2C2 C1D1C2D2 … and so on. In it’s Malaysian format the pantoum is an ideal medium for narrative poetry that … Continue reading Malaysian Pantoum

French Pantoum

  A Malaysian form that has been adapted by the French to give the popular repeating-verse of quatrains we know today. The rhyme scheme is as follows: A1 B1 A2 B2 B1 C1 B2 C2 and so on until the closing stanza completes the circle by reversing A1 and A2 Z1 A2 Z2 A1. There … Continue reading French Pantoum

Constellation Sonnet

Created by: Terry Clitheroe Meter: Decasyllabic or Pentameter Structure: Two quintains and a quatrain Rhyme Scheme: ababa ababa cdcd Example: Metaphysical Dreams by Jez Farmer A stairway that leads away from this place Where two lovers can dance among the stars Their desires meet as one in time and space As destiny unites Venus and … Continue reading Constellation Sonnet

Magic 9

The Magic 9 is said to have been created by a typing mistake on the word ‘Abracadabra’ and given my initial typing misspelt it I can quite believe that too. The form is a simple progression stanza around the first line with lines 2 and 8 also rhyming with each other. There is no limit … Continue reading Magic 9

Catena Rondo

  The Catena Rondo, created by academic writer and poet Robin Skelton. It is a quatrain stanza form with the second line forming a rhyming couplet with the third line. The second line also becomes the first and fourth lines of the following stanza. There is no limit to the number of stanzas and the … Continue reading Catena Rondo


The Etheree is a 10-lined poetry form with an ascending syllable count of 1 to 10 through lines 1 to 10. Therefore, line 1 has 1 syllable, line 2 has 2, and so on ending with line 10 and 10 syllables. Example: Elemental by Jez Farmer Fire Air, Earth Water sprites combined as one. Life's … Continue reading Etheree

Clare’s Sonnet

Created by: John Clare Meter: Any Structure: Quatorzain of couplets Rhyme Scheme: aabbccddeeffgg Example: Line by Line by Jez Farmer The soft touch of her lover’s lips On her skin his tongue slowly skips His hunger, her passion as one Defining love’s erotic fun Without words, with a metered beat Their verse inscribed in sexual … Continue reading Clare’s Sonnet

Choi’s Sonnet

Meter: Decasyllabic or pentameter Structure: 3 quatrains and a couplet Rhyme Scheme: abab bbcc cdcd dd Example: Heat of the Moment by Jez Farmer I need to take you in my arms tonight, To hold you close and taste your lips on mine, And feel your sighs entwine with my delight, As passion wraps us … Continue reading Choi’s Sonnet

Chivalric Sonnet

Meter: Decasyllabic or pentameter Structure: 3 quatrains and a couplet Rhyme Scheme: xaxa xbxb xcxc dd Example: Down by the Stream by Jez farmer Each night I walk past the tree-lined stream, And see the seasons flowing quickly by, The silver shards that moonlight leaves behind, Entwined with rusty gold of autumn's sigh. I sit … Continue reading Chivalric Sonnet

Beymorlin Sonnet

Meter: Decasyllabic or pentameter Structure: Octet and sestet Rhyme Scheme: abbacddc efefgg Example: Last Kiss by Jez Farmer And before I die I recall the love I’m lost in faded dreams of youthful thought Like post-it notes that always came to nought Could be loves that only poets write of A kiss of good-bye when … Continue reading Beymorlin Sonnet

Cerispring Sonnet

Meter: Alternating tetrameter and trimeter Structure: 2 triplets. a couplet and 2 triplets Rhyme Scheme: aba bcb dd cec efe Example: Falling Leaves by Jez Farmer In golden flurries falling leaves Bid farewell summer sun And Mother Earth wears autumn sleeves. The field are bare, the harvest done, And songs surround the fire The darker … Continue reading Cerispring Sonnet

Betwixt Sonnet

Created by: Jose Rizal M. Reyes Structure: 3 quatrains and a couplet Meter: Decasyllabic or pentameter Rhyme Scheme: abba cbbc dbbd bb Example: Immortal Words by Jez Farmer The first time I said the words ‘I love you’ Forever seemed a vast expanse of time Immortal like words captured in a rhyme But it’s no … Continue reading Betwixt Sonnet

Elemental Sonnet

Meter: Decasyllabic or pentameter Structure: Quatrain, sestet and quatrain Rhyme Scheme: abab ccddcc fgfg Example: Song of Nature by Jez Farmer The song of nature’s birth is all around, Through all of time its music calls to us, It’s sung in the stars and the earthly ground A song of love that none can e’er … Continue reading Elemental Sonnet

Echo Sonnet

Created by: Jeff Green Meter: Decasyllabic or pentameter Structure: 3 quatrains and a couplet Rhyme Scheme: a1bba2 acca2 adda2 a1a2 Example: Lebensraum by Jez Farmer To find the place where gods reside; just look Into a candle’s solitary flame And listen for their voice to call your name Within the self, and there you’ll find … Continue reading Echo Sonnet

Bardic Sonnet

Created by: William Kenneth Keller Structure: 3 quatrains and a couplet 1. The rhyme is to be internal cross rhyme, not end rhyme. This is formally known as interlaced rhyme. The interlaced rhymes should occur within the first 3 feet of the line. 2. Rather than end rhyme, the form employs a type of alliteration … Continue reading Bardic Sonnet

Envelope Sonnet

Meter: Decasyllabic or pentameter Structure: Octet and sestet Rhyme Scheme: abbacddc efgefg Example: Romancing the Verse by Jez Farmer Romantic heart that graced paper and ink Inspiring poets far beyond your time With words that danced across the years between And on the page your dreams of love are seen By lovers seeking the sense … Continue reading Envelope Sonnet

English Sonnet

Rhyme Scheme: abab cdcd efef gg Meter: Decasyllabic or pentameter Structure: 3 quatrains and a couplet Example: The Black Hound of Destiny by Jez Farmer As darkness takes our souls to hell what has become of pleasant dreams when death has tolled its final bell no one remains to hear the screams. Gwyllgi calls, the … Continue reading English Sonnet

Busta Sonnetto 2

Rhyme Scheme: abcba deed fghgf Meter: No meter requirement Structure: Quintain, quatrain and quintain Example: Divine Pleasures by Jez Farmer The chime that travels in to yesterday An echo of youth now so distant When the heat of summer meant endless fun Responsibility non-existent When all we had to do was run and play The … Continue reading Busta Sonnetto 2

Balanced Sonnet

Created by: Barbara Dilworth Structure: 2 Septets Meter: Decasyllabic or pentameter Rhyme Scheme: ababcbc dedefef Example: Empty Throne by Jez Farmer I’m yielding to the will of fate’s command And letting go so I may dance again For love is never to be at my hand Instead I grieve but deny feeling pain For all … Continue reading Balanced Sonnet

Busta Sonetto 1

Meter: No meter requirement Structure: 2 quintains and a quatrain Rhyme Scheme: abcba defed ghhg Example: Danish Prince by Jez Farmer A soliloquy questions life or death One man’s desperate plea seeking choice As he utters ‘to be or not to be’ The strain echoing in his troubled voice And again as he draws into … Continue reading Busta Sonetto 1

Burns’ Sonnet

Meter: No meter requirement Structure: 3 quatrains and a couplet Rhyme Scheme: abab cddc effe gg Example: Final Justice by Jez Farmer The door slammed shut, I was alone again With thoughts for friends and darkness my comfort Watching the place where my body was slain My spirit watches without a consort I see the … Continue reading Burns’ Sonnet

Arabian Onegin Sonnet

Structure: 2 quatrains and 2 triplets Meter: Decasyllabic or pentameter Rhyme Scheme: AaAa BBbb CdC DDd Example: There is no Try, Just Can by Jez Farmer My heart calls to the mountains and valleys As I wander the dingy town allies My heart calls to the mountains and valleys Where the ancient souls still hold … Continue reading Arabian Onegin Sonnet

Brisbane Sonnet

Meter: Decasyllabic or pentameter Structure: 2 sestets and a couplet Rhyme Scheme: abcabc defdef gg Example: Home by Jez Farmer Those sweeter thoughts are lost to mundane grey As stormy winds clear out a dreamy night And drudgeries of daylight take their place In slumber’s embrace, I would rather stay And feel your kiss that … Continue reading Brisbane Sonnet

American Libre Sonnet

Created by: Jose Rizal M. Reyes Structure: 3 quatrains and a couplet Meter: Decasyllabic or pentameter Rhyme Scheme: abab bbcc cdcd ee Example: Questions in the Dark by Jez Farmer Sweet love of mine, within my dark world shine And be the one to dry my face of tears In this desolate world can you … Continue reading American Libre Sonnet

Blues Sonnet

Structure: A decasyllabic or iambic pentameter quatorzain composed of four triplets and a couplet. Rhyme Scheme: AAa BBb CCc DDd ee Example: Too Late by Jez Farmer Rapid fingers quickly say ‘I miss you’ Instant messages because I miss you Oh without you my heart is turning blue Silence after too many heated words How … Continue reading Blues Sonnet

Alfred Dorn Sonnet

Structure: Sestet, couplet and sestet Meter: Decasyllabic or pentameter Rhyme Scheme: abcabc dd aeaeae Example: The Heart’s Beat by Jez Farmer Beneath the curls of soft crimson there waits The sweetest perfume of desire’s dream On the breath of the hushed cry of sorrow Released within love’s kiss that integrates Emotions into a sensuous stream … Continue reading Alfred Dorn Sonnet

13 Line Sonnet

Created by: Marcy Jarvis Structure: Any standard 14 line sonnet ending in a couplet or containing a couplet. The couplet is converted into a single line containing internal rhyme. Rhyme Scheme Example: abab cdcd efef g Example: Pink Orchid by Jez Farmer My pink orchid, the sweet flower of love Each bloom holds the secret … Continue reading 13 Line Sonnet

12-Step Sonnet 1

Created by: Larry Eberhart Structure: Three quatrains and a couplet in tetramter. The internal rhyme has the first syllable rhyming with the 2nd syllable in line 2, the 3rd syllable in line 3 with the 4th syllable in line 4. Rhyme Scheme: abab cdcd efef gg Example: Wild Roses by Jez Farmer Why do I … Continue reading 12-Step Sonnet 1