Roundelay Notes

A popular English form the Roundelay originates to the time of Chaucer. Consisting of any number of quatrains comprised over two couplets, the second couplet is the common rhyme within each stanza and the last line of that couplet is also a refrain. This gives the following rhyme schemaaabB ccbB ddbB and so on.Example Celtic … Continue reading Roundelay Notes

Rondine Notes

The Rondine is another much neglected French form. A repeating form, it is quite challenging to the poet, consisting of two stanzas, a septet (7 lines) and a quintet (5 lines). The refrain in which the last line both stanzas mimics the first phrase of the first line (R). There is no specified meter. The … Continue reading Rondine Notes

Go Vat Notes

Originating in Cambodia the Go Vat became popular among French poets in the late 1800s. It consists of a couplet which sets the rhyme of the subsequent stanzas, and a third line that repeats either in total, a phrase, or the last word throughout the poem. This gives the following structure and schema xxxxxxxaxxxxxxxaxxxxxxxB xxxxxxxaxxxxxxxaxxxxxxxB … Continue reading Go Vat Notes


Rondeau The Rondeau is a challenging refraining stanza form. It consists of three stanzas, a quintet, a quatrain and a sestet. The first phrase of the first stanza sets the refrain, in fact the whole first line may be used if the poet so wishes.

Malaysian Pantoum

Strict repeating forms are normally restricted by stanza count, syllable count or a cyclic repeat back to the first stanza. In it’s original Malaysian form there is no such restriction. The rhyme scheme is A1B1A2B2 B1C1B2C2 C1D1C2D2 … and so on. In it’s Malaysian format the pantoum is an ideal medium for narrative poetry that … Continue reading Malaysian Pantoum

Catena Rondo

  The Catena Rondo, created by academic writer and poet Robin Skelton. It is a quatrain stanza form with the second line forming a rhyming couplet with the third line. The second line also becomes the first and fourth lines of the following stanza. There is no limit to the number of stanzas and the … Continue reading Catena Rondo