A popular English form the Roundelay originates to the time of Chaucer. Consisting of any number of quatrains comprised over two couplets, the second couplet is the common rhyme within each stanza and the last line of that couplet is also a refrain. This gives the following rhyme schemaaabB ccbB ddbB and so on.Example Celtic … Continue reading Roundelay Notes
The Rondine is another much neglected French form. A repeating form, it is quite challenging to the poet, consisting of two stanzas, a septet (7 lines) and a quintet (5 lines). The refrain in which the last line both stanzas mimics the first phrase of the first line (R). There is no specified meter. The … Continue reading Rondine Notes
The Rondelet is a French form that turns on a refrain and has two rhymes. The first, third and seventh lines consist of four syllables and form the refrain. Lines two, fourth, fifth and sixth lines consist of eight syllables. The Rhyme scheme is AbAabbA Example Roasties Crunch by Jez Farmer A Sunday lunchWhile catching … Continue reading Rondelet Notes
The Rondeau can be a challenging form for the poet. Consisting of three stanzas, a quintet, a quatrain, and a sestet, the first phrase of the first line, or the hole first line sets the refrain (R). The meter is eight syllable or ten syllable line, but it is the poet’s choice if that is … Continue reading Rondeau Notes
Another neglected but beautiful French form the Rondel Prime is a 14-line poem which is formed over two rhymes. The refrain is set up using the first two lines of the first stanza. The meter is open to the poet’s discretion but is usually eight-syllable lines. The Rhyme scheme is ABababAB ababaAB Or for an … Continue reading Rondel Prime Notes
The Quatern consists of four four-line stanzas. As is common with French forms there is a refrain, but, unusually no rhyme scheme is specified. Typical of French poetry it consists of eight-syllable lines and no meter is specified.The Refrain is the first line of the first stanza, which becomes the second line of the second … Continue reading Quatern Notes
Originally a Malaysian form the Pantoum was adapted by the French and c popular in Europe, with Baudelaire and Fouinet being amongst the foremost users of the form. The Pantoum is a strict repeating form with no stanza count, the French Pantoum as an eight-syllable count, the Malaysian style has no syllable count. The French … Continue reading Pantoum Notes
Form: Kyrielle I sat alone in the caféA glass, house red in front of me,My thoughts drift to that day in MayWaiting for my Parisian. In love we walked by the riverAs city lights glimmer all night,The promise, now would deliver,Waiting for my Parisian. Time ticks by so painfully slow,The right place, our place as … Continue reading Un Café en Paris
From winter’s bough a lonely song Echoes across the empty field She chirps her song the whole day long...
Dating from the Middle Ages the Kyrielle was once a very popular French form. Written in quatrains with the last line of each quatrains as a refrain. Each line consists of eight syllables. The rhyme scheme is aabB ccbB ddbB and so on Example Jamie’s Song by Jez Farmer We walked through the gilded gatewayTowards … Continue reading Kyrielle Notes
In winter’s white, as angels cry for early spring to warm the wind, to bring to life with gentle sigh...
Originating in Cambodia the Go Vat became popular among French poets in the late 1800s. It consists of a couplet which sets the rhyme of the subsequent stanzas, and a third line that repeats either in total, a phrase, or the last word throughout the poem. This gives the following structure and schema xxxxxxxaxxxxxxxaxxxxxxxB xxxxxxxaxxxxxxxaxxxxxxxB … Continue reading Go Vat Notes
The dew lays twinkling on the morning grass The sultry day beckons with summer heat Through spider webs cast like finest cut glass...
It’s fun to go to grandma’s house She always bakes chocolate cake She bought me a cute candy mouse...
With eyes that shimmer moonlight's dawn, reflect desire with senses torn, at love's caress from head to toe...
Crystal orbs lie shattered in dust, As the cherubs of twilight pry Angel eyes invade divine lust...
Rondeau The Rondeau is a challenging refraining stanza form. It consists of three stanzas, a quintet, a quatrain and a sestet. The first phrase of the first stanza sets the refrain, in fact the whole first line may be used if the poet so wishes.
Strict repeating forms are normally restricted by stanza count, syllable count or a cyclic repeat back to the first stanza. In it’s original Malaysian form there is no such restriction. The rhyme scheme is A1B1A2B2 B1C1B2C2 C1D1C2D2 … and so on. In it’s Malaysian format the pantoum is an ideal medium for narrative poetry that … Continue reading Malaysian Pantoum
A Malaysian form that has been adapted by the French to give the popular repeating-verse of quatrains we know today. The rhyme scheme is as follows: A1 B1 A2 B2 B1 C1 B2 C2 and so on until the closing stanza completes the circle by reversing A1 and A2 Z1 A2 Z2 A1. There … Continue reading French Pantoum
The Catena Rondo, created by academic writer and poet Robin Skelton. It is a quatrain stanza form with the second line forming a rhyming couplet with the third line. The second line also becomes the first and fourth lines of the following stanza. There is no limit to the number of stanzas and the … Continue reading Catena Rondo