Impressionism is the first distinctly modern movement in painting. Developing in Paris. It spread throughout Europe and eventually to the USA
Title: Portrait of Émile Zola Date: 1868 Movement: Realism Media: Oil on canvas Location: Musée d'Orsay, Paris, France
Artist: Caravaggio Born: 29 September 1571, Milan, Italy Nationality: Italian Movement: Baroque Died: 18 July 1610, Porto Ercole, Italy
A glass of ruby wine, a god in love His woman that they left alone to die Upon an island, abandoned by man
Title: Cathedale Notre-Dame de Chartes Date: 1194-1260 Movement: Gothic Location: Paris, France
Title: Virgin of the Rocks Date: c.1505-08 Movement: Renaissance Media: Oil on panel Located: National Gallery, London, UK
Artist: Rene Lalique Born: 6 April 1860, Ay, France Nationality: French Movement: Art Deco Died: 1 May 1945, Paris, France
Artist: Thomas Jones Born: 26 September 1742, Cefnllys, Wales Nationality: Welsh Died: 29 April 1803, Wales
Art Nouveau appeared in a wide variety of strands and styles generating enthusiasts in decorative arts and architecture throughout Europe and beyond. The aim was modernizing design and escaping the eclectic historical styles that had been popular in the past.
Artist: Gustav Klimt Born: 14 July 1862, Baumgarten, Austro-Hungarian Empire Nationality: Austrian Movement: Symbolism, Art Nouveau, Died: 6 February 1918, Vienna, Austro-Hungarian Empire Gustav Klimt is remembered as one of the greatest decorative painters of the 20th century, while also producing the century’s most significant body of erotic art. Initially he found success in his … Continue reading All Art is Erotic
Title: Line Made by Walking Date: 1967 Movement: Earth Art Media: Photograph Location: Tate Museum, London, UK
Title: Ici, C'est Stieglitz Date: 1915 Movement: Dada Media: Ink, graphite, and cut-and-pasted painted and printed papers on paperboard Location: Alfred Stieglitz Collection
Title: Les Demoiselles d'Avignon Date: 1907 Movement: Cubism Media: Oil on canvas Location: Currently located in the collection of the Museum of Modern Art, New York, USA
Title: The Calling of St Matthew Date: 1599-1600 Movement: Baroque Media: Oil on canvas Location: San Luigi dei Francesi, Rome
Artist: James Collinson Born: 9 May 1825, Mansfield, England English Movement: Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood Died: 24 January 1881, London, UK
Artist: Salvador Domingo Felipe Dali i Domènch Born: 11 May 1904, Figueres, Spain Nationality: Spanish Movement: Surrealism Died: 23 January 1989, Figueres, Spain
Title: Le dejeuner sur l’herbe Date: 1862-63 Movement: Impressionism Media: Oil on canvas Location: Musée d’Orsay, Paris, France
Title: Cover Design of Wren’s City Churches Date: 1883 Media: Woodcut print on handmade paper Movement: Art Nouveau
Title: Jupiter and Semele Date: 1889-95 Media: Oil on canvas Current location: Musée National Gustave Moreau, Paris, France Movement: Symbolism Artist: Gustave Moreau Born: 6 April 1826, Paris, France French Died: 18 April 1898. Paris, France
Lalique’s Victoire sculpture is exemplary of Art Deco style. Victoire stands on its own as a sculpture but is also an elegant touch to the automobile for which it was designed to grace.
Title: The Childhood of Mary Virgin Date: 1849 Movement: Pre-Raphaelite
Harlequin’s Carnival by Joan Mirό, 1924/5 oil on canvas. Currently housed by the Albright-Knox Collection, New York, USA
Symbolism Started: 1880 Ended: 1910 Symbolism was both an artistic and literary movement that suggested ideas through symbol and emphasized the meaning behind lines, forms, shapes and colour.
Surrealism is the channelling of the sub-conscious that unlocks the power of the imagination. It is the belief that the conscious, rational mind represses the power of imagination and creativity with perceived reality and the taboos of society. The psyche within sub-conscious thought acts as a revelation, exposing the incongruities of everyday living, life and the world around us, and by doing so inspires conscious revolution. As with Romanticism this emphasis was on the power of personal imagination, but Surrealists believed that revelation could be found in the everyday world. The interest in primitivism and myth combined with tapping into the unconscious mind inspired many later movements and styles that remain influential today.
Artist: William Morris Born: 24 March 1834, Essex, England Nationality: English Movement: Pre-Raphaelite Died: 3 October 1896, Middlesex, UK
Artist: Romain de Tirtoff (Erté) Born: 23 November 1892, St Petersburg, Russia Nationality: Russian-French Movement: Art Deco Died: 21 April 1990, Paris, France
Art Deco, or Deco, is a style of visual arts, architecture and design that started in France just before WW1. It influenced the design of buildings, furnishings, jewellery, fashion, transportation, and everyday objects found in many homes. Art Deco is the shortened form of Arts Décoratifs from the Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes held in Paris in 1925. The combination of modern styles with fine craftsmanship and rich materials had found it heyday. Art Deco represented luxury, glamour, exuberance, and faith in social and technological progression.
Title: Bird Romance Date: 1946 Movement: Surrealism Artist: JWG (Jock) MacDonald Born: 31 March 1897, Thurso, Scotland Canadian Died: 3 December 1960, Toronto, Canada
Artist: Tamara de Lempicka Born: 16 May 1898, Warsaw, Poland Nationality: Polish Movement: Art Deco Died: 18 March 1980, Cuernavaca, Mexico
Artist: Sir Edward Coley Burne-Jones, 1st Baronet Born: 28 August 1833, Birmingham, UK Nationality: English Movement: Pre-Raphaelite Died: 17 June 1898, London, UK
Title: Tomb near Cairo Date: 1833 Movement: Realism
Artist: Dante Gabriel Rossetti Born: 12 May 1828, London, UK Nationality: British Movement: Pre-Raphaelite Died: 9 April 1882, Kent, UK
Artist: Leon Spilliaert Born: 28 July 1881, Ostend, Belgium Nationality: Belgian Movement: Symbolism Died: 23 November 1946, Brussels, Belgium
Artist: John Everett Millais Born: 8 June 1829, Southampton, UK Nationality: English Movement: Pre-Raphaelite Died: 13 August 1896, London, UK
Title: Spirit of the Night Date: 1879 Movement: Symbolism Artist: John Atkinson Grimshaw English 1836 – 1893